Ciprofloxacin is an antimicrobial preparation characterized by effective bactericidal action against the majority of Gram-negative aerobic pathogens. The medicine has a harmful effect on such pathogenic bacteria: Escherichia coli, hemophilic rod, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus, Klebsiella, Pasteurella, Streptococcus, Chlamydia, Enterobacterium, Corynebacterium, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Anthrax, Mycoplasma. When used, the active substance enters the bloodstream quickly and, spreading to all tissues and organs, creates a maximum concentration after 30-60 minutes. The required therapeutic concentration of the drug is maintained in the animal in the body for 24 hours. The drug is prescribed for the following infectious diseases: mycoplasmosis, salmonellosis, bronchopneumonia, pasteurellosis, colibacillosis, enzootic pneumonia, atrophic rhinitis, mastitis-metritic-agalactia syndrome of pigs.
This drug is used to treat cattle, small cattle, pigs, rabbits, cats, dogs.
There are two dosage forms of Ciprofloxacin – coated tablets containing 250, 500 or 750 mg of the active ingredient; transparent light yellow injection for 100 ml packed in glass bottles with rubber stoppers and aluminum caps.
Tablets are given to the animals orally with food or on the root of the tongue forcibly. The solution for injection is used intramuscularly. Dosage and duration of treatment by a veterinarian is determined depending on the diagnosis, body weight and severity of the disease. To avoid severe painful reactions, large animals are recommended to inject no more than 5 ml of solution into one place, small ones – no more than 2.5 ml.
Ciprofloxacin is not allowed for use in the treatment of milking, lactating and pregnant animals, for animals with hypersensitivity to fluoroquinolones. It is not recommended to use it for puppies for up to a year because of the risk of damage to cartilaginous tissue in the knee joint. Do not use the drug simultaneously with tetracyclines, macrolides, theophylline, chloramphenicol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. When injecting solution at the injection site, redness and irritation of the skin can occur. Meat of animals used for food purposes is allowed not earlier than two weeks after the end of therapy.